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Hangar designing

Hangars are pre-fabricated structures intended for organizing warehouses, production sites, sports and other premises on their territory. Today, the design of hangars from light metal structures is one of the most demanded services. This is due to the short construction time of such structures, significantly lower financial costs, in contrast to monolithic construction. A plus is the possibility of their construction in almost any territory.

One of the areas of work of the company "Gutman" is the design of hangars. We guarantee our customers high quality and durability of hangars of any type and complexity, made according to our project.

When calculating the cost of design work, we focus on the basic indicators of labor intensity and cost of work. The market value of project development is set on a contractual basis. The terms of work execution are agreed with the customer, but do not exceed the standard terms for this type of objects.

Design objects

Hangars are classified according to their appearance; they are arched, hipped, polygonal and straight-walled. The design of prefabricated buildings assumes that these objects do not require powerful foundations and floors.

 Arched hangars

They are in demand due to the speed of installation, streamlined shape. They are divided into frameless and wireframe. For the first, metal sandwich panels are used, they are immediately mounted on the foundation. They are used for vegetable and granaries, garages, workshops. The latter are made with a metal frame at the base, to which the canvases are attached. They are stronger than frameless ones; they are used as farms, trade pavilions, sports halls, and administrative premises.

Tent hangars

They are structures with a narrowing upward, resembling a tent, with a gable roof, sloping walls. They are carried out by the frame method with the frame sheathing with a metal profile. Used for the construction of barns, farms, storage for grain, vegetables.

Polygonal hangars

They resemble hipped-roof structures, only their walls are vertical. For the construction, lattice girders are used, the frame is sheathed with a metal profile or sandwich panels. Used for car services, food warehouses, grain, vegetable stores, industrial bases, aircraft parking, sports and entertainment facilities.

Hangars are straight-walled

The objects are rectangular, vertical walls. Often they are built with several floors, a sufficient number of windows and doors. They use a metal frame as a base, sandwich panels for wall sealing. They are in demand for the creation of car washes, garages, service centers.

How and where to order the service

To start designing prefabricated buildings, the customer must provide the initial permissive documentation and terms of reference. In working on a project, we focus on the wishes of the Customer and the requirements of regulatory documents. To order a project, please contact: Guminyuk Grigory +38 (050) 381-52-70

How to get a project quickly

When building hangars, typical projects are most often used, which have been tested more than once in practice. Our specialists have created a large number of typical hangar projects, which are listed in the project catalog. Such a project is valuable for its lower cost and the ability to start construction faster, which distinguishes it from an individual project.

 

Stages and design standards, the composition of the documentation

The design of buildings from metal structures is carried out in stages:

  • Pre-design stage (sketches, 3D-modeling, preliminary calculations of structures, cost, agreement with the client).
  • Design stage.
  • Expertise.
  • Creation of working documentation (more detailed design development).
  • Author's supervision.
  • Composition of the documentation


Design documentation includes an explanatory note, architectural, structural and planning solutions. Also, the design and estimate documentation contains sections on engineering networks with equipment, measures that increase the energy efficiency and fire safety of the facility, estimates and other necessary documents.

Design features

The design of buildings from metal structures is carried out taking into account the characteristics of these objects. They consist in the possibility of building prefabricated buildings (shopping centers, sports arenas, etc.) using frame technology. Distinctive features of such buildings are - the speed of their construction, low cost, excellent characteristics of finished objects, the optimal ratio of the timing of work and costs of their construction.

Basic architectural and design solutions

The design of hangars is different in that it requires special technological schemes, safety conditions, calculation of loads, selection of equipment, and logistics. The hangar project is being developed with an emphasis on its reliability. Less attention is paid to the exterior and architecture. Most often, they are built according to standard projects that are unified. This means their quick readiness for the construction of the facility, since universal elements are selected for projects, which in practice have confirmed their economic effect.

Design stages

The main stages of development of design documentation for industrial facilities:

Pre-design stage.

Development of a feasibility study. Selection of basic technological solutions and selection of equipment in accordance with the technical specifications of the Customer.

Project documentation (PD).

The stage of developing constructive, technological, architectural and planning solutions without detailing. The choice of optimal engineering networks, equipment. Determination of the organization of work at the construction site, estimates, etc.

Expertise of design documentation.

Working documentation. Detailed study of all sections.
Designer supervision (mandatory - for hazardous objects).

Composition of the documentation

According to the legislation, project documentation consists of:

  • explanatory note;
  • schemes of the planning organization of the land plot;
  • architecture solutions;
  • volumetric planning, design solutions;
  • information about engineering networks and equipment, a list of development activities;
  • PIC;
  • list of measures for environmental protection;
  • organization of work on demolition, dismantling of structures (if necessary);
  • measures to ensure energy efficiency, fire safety;
  • estimates;
  • other documentation.

Design Methods

The main method for developing projects for buildings in various industries is the widespread use of standard structures. All planning and design decisions are based on unification, that is, standard solutions from modules that form separate cells, which are structurally repeated. Projects are created using graphic, model-graphic, model-model methods, electronic equipment.

Features of the design of industrial buildings

When creating projects for industrial facilities, 2 important factors are taken into account:

Functional requirements.

They determine the future type of indoor production, technological loads, operating mode, etc. Technological solutions determine the conditions for creating engineering networks, planning premises, choosing building materials, and finishing.

Economic expediency
Ensuring the optimal combination of construction costs with the timing, quality of development, and compliance with customer requirements.

Design of hazardous industrial buildings, their classification
The documentation should be developed by designers with a license to work, since in the event of an accident, objects are dangerous to the life, health of citizens, and the environment. The PD of newly erected hazardous structures must undergo an examination, and the existing ones (during reconstruction, liquidation, conservation) are assessed for industrial safety. Construction and installation work at the facilities must be carried out under the supervision of the designer.

 

Such objects are divided into 4 classes, which determine their degree of danger:

Class I - extremely dangerous;
II class - high hazard;
III class - medium hazard;
IV class - low hazard.

Basic design solutions

Industrial design is distinguished by the need to develop a technological section of the project. This requires the preparation of a scheme of technological processes, selection of equipment, calculation of current loads, determination of energy carriers, a logistic scheme of production, a raw material base. Fire safety standards, transport accessibility are taken into account.

Security, architecture features

The peculiarity of the creation of industrial facilities is their difference from other types of buildings due to the fact that they experience heavy loads. They are regulated by SNiPs, Codes of Rules, which determine the degree of fire resistance of buildings, withstand chemical and thermal loads, and moisture resistance. The main task is to provide a safe, comfortable environment for employees, the practicality of an enterprise with convenient approaches to it, logistics, storage conditions, and a good microclimate. The architecture in this case is less important, it is usually typical.

Unification

The design of industrial buildings and structures for the most part is carried out according to modern standard projects, which differ in that they are unified. That is, they are ready for construction by using more versatile, economical elements of structures, selected according to certain criteria. Unification consists in the selection of universal design solutions that have shown a great economic effect in practice.